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TQM

The central concern point of this research is total quality management. Development of quality management, sampling quality management methods, pioneering gurus ideas, cross-cultural issues and determinate different interpretations of these emerging approaches to quality in global operations.
What we understand from total quality?
The concept of Total Quality Management (TQM) was developed by an American, W. Edwards Deming, after World War II for improving the production quality of goods and services however concept was not taken seriously by Americans until the Japanese, who adopted it in 1950 to resurrect their post war business and industry, used it to dominate world markets by 1980.
Between 1889 and 1910, the United States underwent major and rapid industrialisation, including the creation of the firs large corporations. Directing affords of workers with little knowledge of English language, few job skills and no experience of the disciplined work of a factory was key organisational problems. Fredirick Taylor and Henry Ford developed and implemented their ideas. His objectives of ideas were to achieveEffiency, by increasing the output per worker and reducing deliberate under working by employees. Predictability, of job performance-standardizing tasks b dividing them up into small and closely specified sub task Control, by establishing discipline thorough hierarchical autory and introducing a system whereby all management's policy decisions could be implemented.
Ford's goal was "continuous improvement" rather than the "one best way". Ford's objective was to increase his control by reducing or eliminating uncertainty. Among his major innovations were: Analysis of jobs using time and motion techniques; installation of single-purpose machine tools to manufacture standardized part; introduction of the assembly line; timing based on time and compulsory operational methods; centralized engineer…

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