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Three Counseling Theories

Working models in counseling theory can be as varied as the numberof
authors who write on the subject. Like all fields of psychology,counseling
in still relatively new and those involved in the fieldarestilltesting
and applying the theorems put forth by earlierwritersinanattemptto
determine a best-fit practice for helping peoplemastertheworldaround
them. Regardless of the theory chosen the professional must makesurethat
that which is purported as a usable theoretical paradigm iscongruentwith
one’sownpersonalvalues,personality,andprofessionalskills.The
remainder of this paper will focus on threedifferentcounselingtheories
with respect to their similarities, differences, andapplicabilityinthe
advent of the twentyfirst century. The chosen theoriesarerepresentative
of the cognitive, psychodynamic, and behavioral approaches to counseling.
CognitiveApproachtoCounselingThisparticular approach to
counseling is based on the theory thataperson’sthoughtsaredirectly
related to how they feel. Counseling therapists who arefollowersofthis
particulartheoremworkwithclients’ everyday problems from the
perspective of helpingthemidentifyfieldsorinstancesofdistorted
thinking that are the cause of their emotionalangst.Sub-systemsofthe
cognitive counseling domain includerational-emotive-behavioralcounseling
(Ellis,1998),realitytherapy(Glasser, 1989), cognitive-behavioral
(Bandura, 1974), and transactional analysis (Sills & Hargaden,2003).With
respect to the aforementioned counseling subsystems less emphasis isplaced
on historicalinsightsintothebehavioraldysfunctionalandmoreon
present conditions causing theemotionaldiscomfort.Cognitivetherapies
aregenerallybestfittodealwithlesserproblemssuchas mil…

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