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The Courage of Atticus Finch

Tactics is brave to defend a black man in the face of criticism and threats of violence. He also is brave in the face of danger, both when he kills the rabid dog with a single shot and when facing the mob of men outside the jailhouse It takes courage for Tactics Finch to go against people’s beliefs in order to do what he believes was morally right. The racist views of the town are against Tactics defending Tom Robinson, a black man accused of raping a white woman, and Tactics is Often discriminated against for not agreeing With them.

His children, Scout and Gem, also feel the hatred of others against them because of what their ether’s beliefs are. “But Mrs.. Dubos held us: “not only a Finch waiting tables, but one in the courthouse laying for naggers’ ‘Your father’s no better than the naggers and trash he works for. ‘” Although Tactics is criticized for what he decides is right, he bravely ignores the disapprobation. Tactics Finch is a courageous person because he does what he believes is right, and does not follow Macomb racist way.

Defending Tom Robinson, an African- American man accused of raping a white woman proves Tactics’ integrity. His children Scout and Gem feel the repercussions of their fathers actions in defending Tom Robinson, “But Mrs.. Dubos held us: “not only a Finch waiting tables, but one in the courthouse laying for naggers’ ‘your father’s no better than the naggers and trash he works for. ‘” Tactics stays strong and does what is truly right despite the publics’ beliefs. “Real courage” is when you fight for what is right regardless of whether you win or lose.

Tactics Finch defines “real courage” and demonstrates it several times throughout the novel, in addition to the lessons that he teaches his children. The largest and most important example would be the Trial of Tom Robinson. When Tactics took the case, he went against Macomb, a generally prejudiced town, n order to defend Tom. He understood that taking the case would make him an object of ridicule and that no one would forgive him for believing in a black man’s word rather than a petite man’s.

Even his own sister expresses disapproval Of his decision, practically telling him he was bringing disgrace on the family. Nevertheless, no matter how much his reputation suffered, he did not change his mind. Standing up for his morals and ethics was more important than What people thought about him. Tactics knows he will not win the case and like Mrs.. Dubos in her battle against morphine, he is “licked” (121) before he begins. Attic’s strong sense of morality and justice motivates him to defend Tom Robinson with determination, and giving it all he has.

He shows this when he says, “Simply because we were licked a hundred years before we started is no reason for us not to try and win. ” (80) He says this to Scout after she comes home from school angry at Cecil Jacobs tort making fun to Tactics in the schoolyard. Tactics tells her to fight with her head instead of her fists. He wants the people to Macomb to hear the truth about Tom, “That boy may go to the chair, but he’s not going till the truth’s told. ” (146) Tactics later shows bravery when he goes to he jailhouse to protect Tom from a mob.

Without thinking twice, he rushed to Tom’s aid. He went willingly, knowing that if a mob did form he would be greatly outnumbered and would easily be beaten. Still, he put Tom’s well being ahead of his CNN welfare. In conclusion, Tactics shows praiseworthy courage and behavior in many instances throughout the stoma not by fighting or killing, but by standing up for What he believed in a civilized and determined way. His strongest motivation, however, were his kids. He wants to be a good example for his kids and instill in them a strong sense Of moral values.

One time Scout asks him Why he had taken a case he knew he was not going to win and he responded by saying, “For a number of reasons. The main one is, if I didn’t couldn’t hold up my head in town, I couldn’t represent this county in the legislature, I couldn’t even tell you or Gem not to do something again. ” (75) In other words, he would not have been able to talk to his kids about justice and standing up for what one believes when he himself had not stood for what he believed in. He wants to know that there is no reason for him to hang his head in shame and shy away when he is walking down the streets.

Harper Lee portrays the idea to courage by first having Scout observe her father perform a physical act of courage when he shoots the mad dog, Although Tactics didn’t consider the act very courageous and was completely uninterested in proving anything to his children, Gem and Scout were proud of, and impressed by, his courage in such a precarious situation. But shooting something wasn’t really Tactics’ idea of courage. He viewed courage on more of an intellectual level, as a moral thing, not as something that can be proved with a weapon _ The greatest demonstration of courage of all though, is Tactics’ fight or Tom Robinsons life.

He is wise enough to know that the prejudices of people will never allow justice to be done, but at the same time, he is determined that the truth be told so that those who convict Tom Robinson will be aware that they are convicting an innocent man. Just like Mrs. Dubos, Tactics knew that he could never win the case, but he tried any. Way. This realization forces Scout to Stop fighting With her fists and try to overcome opposing opinions With her head, rather than with physical violence Tactics has strong views on courage.

He shows this when he taught Gem and Scout to be brave; for instance, when he told Scout to stop fighting the people that mock her Scout had to be brave enough to ignore the harsh remarks and put herself above them. He also is brave in the face of danger, both when he kills the rabid dog with a single shot and when facing the mob of men outside the jailhouse Tactics showed his children that he was a courageous man when he stepped into the street to face down a rabid dog.

Although he didn’t consider the act particularly courageous and was completely uninterested in proving anything to his children, Gem and Scout were proud something wasn’t really Tactics’ idea of courage. He viewed courage on a more intellectual level, as a moral thing, not as something that can be proved with a weapon. The most common definition of bravery is being strong in the face of physical danger. Tactics demonstrates this when he stops in the path of a rabid dog and drops it with one rifle shot.

Other kinds of courage, however, rely more on moral fortitude. For instance, Tactics talks pleasantly to Mrs.. Henry Lafayette Dubos, even though she regularly heaps verbal abuse on him and his children, At times like these, Scout says, she thought “my father, who hated guns and had never been to any wars, was the bravest man who ever lived. Nevertheless, no matter how much his reputation suffered, he did not change his mind. Standing up for his morals and ethics was more important than what people thought about him.

Attic’s strong sense of morality and justice motivates him to defend Torn Robinson With determination, and giving it all he has. He shows this when he says, “Simply because we were licked a hundred years before we started is no reason for us not to try and win. ” Throughout the novel, Tactics has been portrayed as the model of moral courage. Tactics showed that he was a courageous man when he stopped in the path of a rabid dog and dropped it tit one rifle shot. Despite the fact that he could be attacked by the mad dog, he still stood up for the sake of other people in town.

The children was shocked by his shooting skill because he had never showed off his talent, Tactics wanted the children to see that “real courage” is not “a man with a gun in his hand” or being able to fight with fists but to fight with knowledge and dignity. The greatest demonstration to courage of all is Tactics’ fight for Tom Robinsons life. He went against the whole town to protect the innocent black man, Tom Robinson. Bettor the trial, he had already been insulted by the term “Niger- over” by many people, including his own family members, Nevertheless, no matter how much his reputation suffered, he did not change his mind.

Before the case, Tactics had already known that there was no way for Tom Robinson to be proven innocent because prejudice had been deep-rooted in Macomb. Everybody had an assumption that a Negro was not to be trusted, while a white man would never lie. He knew that he would lose anyway, but Tactics kept trying to defend him “simply because we were licked a hundred years before we started is no reason for us not to try and win. ” For what he did, Tactics Finch is en Of the most courageous and respectable characters in TO Kill a Mockingbird.

Moral courage is Attic’s best asset, making him the most respectable keeper Of justice in Macomb.. The fear or failure was not strong enough to discourage him from his principle; it was like “you know that you are licked before you begin, but you begin no matter what”. The greatest demonstration of courage of all though, is Tactics’ fight for Tom Robinsons life. He is wise enough to know that the prejudices of people will never allow justice to be done, but at the same time, he is determined that the truth be told so that those who convict Tom Robinson ill be aware that they are convicting an innocent man.

Just like Mrs. Dubos, Tactics knew that he could never win the case, but he tried anyway. He knows he will never win the Tom Robinson case, yet he continues to give it 101%. The last character which illustrates forms of courage in this novel is Tactics. Tactics is a principled lawyer who was a role model in the novel. Despite being called “Niger-lover” by many people in Macomb, he still had the moral courage to take up the Tom Robinson case and defend Tom Robinson. He even mentioned that he would not be able to tell Gem and Scout “to not do anything” anymore should e give up on the trial case.

This shows his determination to continue with the trial Similarly, despite also having “one black man’s words” as evidence against the Ells(whites), he knew he avgas fighting a losing battle, and had “everything to lose” according to Link Ideas and even Francis echoed Aunt Alexandra rant about being “never be able to walk on the streets on Macomb again”. Despite setbacks after setbacks, Tactics still managed to muster enough moral courage to take up the case head-on, and persevere until truth be told. Another incident of Tactics’ bravery can be seen from the Tom Robinson lynch mob confrontation hen he was confronted by Mr..

Cunningham and his gang. He practically used himself as a human shield to protect Torn Robinson at all cost, being his “client”. Even Mr.. Underworld had to cover Tactics with his “double-barreled shotgun” from his Office above the jail, Which depicts the seriousness Of the confrontation, but despite that, Tactics remained strong and steadfast. Were is not for Scout’s innocence which diffused the tension later, it could have ended in a bloody fight. This shows that Tactics is not afraid of dire consequences such as death, as long as he does what is morally right.

Tactics tells the children, “l wanted PU to see what real courage is instead of the idea that courage is a man with a gun in his Courage, in Tactics’ opinion, is not being able to fight with fists but to fight with knowledge and dignity. The ? Mad- dog incident? Occurred when a sick, possibly rabid dog, was spotted wandering aimlessly through Macomb. Heck Tate, the sheriff, requested that Tactics be the one to do away with the animal, This shocks the children, when they soon learn that although Tactics is known to have the best shot with a gun in town, he chooses not to practice or show off his talent.

He went against the whole town to protect the innocent black man, Tom Robinson. Before the trial, he had already been insulted by the term “Niger-lower” by many people, including his own family members. Francis echoed the ranting of Aunt Alexandra, saying that Tactics was a disgrace for the family, that “he would never be able to walk the streets of Macomb”. He was even confronted by his friends trying to talk him out Of it, as Link Ideas said, “[Tactics] has everything to lose”.

Tactics did realist this problem; he knew that he was “fighting [his] friends”; “no matter how bitter wings get, they are still [his] friends and this is still [his] home”. Despite all the pressure, he determined to carry on so as to justice. Before the case, Tactics had already known that he had little chance to win. He knew that with only “a black man’s words against the Ells”, the white, “in the heart of men he had no case”. There was no way for Tom Robinson to be proven innocent, for prejudice had been deep-rooted in Macomb; everybody had an evil assumption that a Negro was not to he trusted, while a white man would never lie.

He knew already that he would lose anyway, but Tactics kept trying to fend him, to bring the light of justice into Macomb. The fear or failure was not strong enough to discourage him from his principle; it was like “PU know that you are licked before you begin, but you begin no matter what”. Even when Tactics faced danger, he did not back off. In front of the Macomb Jail, he was confronted by the lynch mob, without any pennon or protection from Heck Tate, who had “been called off a snipe hunt”. The situation was so alarming that Mr..

Undue,voodoo had to use his double-barreled gun to try to cover for Tactics from his office on top of the jail, Tactics was not obligated by lava to rotate his client but he took on the responsibility so that his client could be judged in court, not by physical action, the kind of courage that Macomb took as priority. Tactics put himself in danger’s way to let the truth be told. Of justice in Macomb. Tactics Finch serves as a sort of moral compass for the children Scout and Jeer, and it is only fitting that he takes the incredibly unpopular position in defending Tom Robinson against the false accusations Of rape.

Macomb, although quaint and quiet, was quite similar to nearly every other town in the Deep South during that period, hiding a revolting sense of schism beneath the surface. Robinsons trial seemingly brought out the racial sentiments of the townspeople, and in defending a Negro, Finch knew that he would be risking not only his social status, but also his life and the lives of his children, This commitment and sense of justice displays perhaps one of the purest forms of courage in the novel.

Courage to Do the Right Thing Tactics Finch shows courage by continuing to provide the best possible defense for Tom Robinson despite discouragement and suggestions to do otherwise. His courage is the same courage that Mrs.. Dubos shows, the courage to attempt an impossible feat when you know you will probably tail. He explains his actions to the children by saying Mathis case, Tom Robinsons case, is something that goes to the essence of a man’s conscience?scout, I couldn’t go to church and worship God if I didn’t try to help that man. (104) Tactics’ explanation reveals that his courage is based in a strong sense of honor and justice. Harper Lees portrait of Lowell reveals that cowards prey on the weak. Lee’s diverse portraits of bravery reveal that bravery is found in many people and is manifested in different Vass for different reasons. However, perhaps the most important aspect Of bravery hat Lee reveals in her characters is that the bravest are often the weakest. Tactics Tactics shows courage in different forms in the book.

Tactics is a dedicated father. Although, it may be argued, Tactics was actually given the case by the court and couldn’t have rejected it without being frowned upon by the professional lava,years of Macomb, he still showed courage when passionately fighting for Tom Robinson, and showing people openly how much he was willing and wanting to fight for Tom Robinson, He stood up against the will and wanting of everyone in Macomb, and challenged their morals and ethics.

During the Arial, Tactics challenged the jury’s consciences, and tried to show them how there was no basic evidence to porn. ‘e anything, apart trot their racist prejudices, taking the word of a white man above the word of a black man, He fought for Tom Robinson, and tough in a way where he challenged the jury to look at all people as equal, and decide the correct verdict based on what was so obviously in front of them.

He was trying to prove to the court and the jury that they were racist, and had to look at the basic evidence, which was minimal anyway, It is clear that Tactics is probably the main protagonist in the book in the sense that e is always seen to be a morally correct person Whenever Scout and Gem fall, he manages to bring them up again and correct their faults. He knows what is right, and this is illustrated through the trial, Shooting Tim Johnson proves to the children Tactics is anything but feeble, he is indeed courageous. As the reader can clearly see, Tactics epitomizes the definition of courage.

Courage, in Tactics’ opinion, is not being able to fight with fists but to fight with knowledge and dignity. Tactics tells the children, “I wanted you to see What real courage is instead of the idea that courage is a man with a gun in his hand. Its when you known your licked before you begin but you begin anyway and you see it through no matter what. You rarely win, but sometimes you do. ” Tactics acknowledges this as courage. He knows he Will never Win the Tom Robinson case, yet he continues to give it 101%. One of the most courageous and respectable characters in To Kill a Mockingbird is Tactics Finch, Gem and Scout’s father.

Tactics is a lawyer who is defending a black man accused of raping a young Macomb girl. His client did not do it and Tactics seems to know it. He is determined to seek justice to the best of his ability, despite the fact that he is being targeted or his anti-racist views. Tactics Finch is one of the most courageous characters in the history of fiction, The words and actions of Tactics Finch prove to he truly courageous. A man who has seen more to the world than most to the people of Macomb combined, Tactics struggles against the close-minded views of the small southern town.

An example to his brave deeds could be either physical or psychological,furthermore; two of his main doings are connected and entwined internally within the plot. The ? Mad-dog incident? Occurred when a sick, possibly rabid dog, was spotted wandering aimlessly through Macomb. Heck Tate, the sheriff, requested that Tactics be the one to do away with the animal. This shocks the children, when they soon learn that although Tactics is known to have the best shot with a gun in town, he chooses not to practice or show off his talent.

As Miss Maude, a close neighbor, States think maybe he put his gun down when he realized that God had given him an unfair advantage over most living things. Guess he decided he would? T shoot till he had to, and he had to today_? Thus, Tactics does have the courage to do away with the creature in one shot, after many years Without practice. Another deed that Tactics takes on is to defend a black man, Tom Robinson, in a trial against a white man, Bob Lowell, who claims Tom raped his daughter. One would think that the evidence proves Tom? Innocence, furthermore; the Lowell family have a horrible reputation, and live like animals, on the outskirts of town. However; this case sin? T as simple as it seems, for although Mr.. Lowell sin? T respected, he still remains on a higher level than the black population, because of the segregated views of the white community. Tactics knows that this will be a difficult trial, and that the chances of winning re many against one, yet he is a respected lawyer, and will defend people of any color. Imply defending a Scout relates the trial to the dog incident by saying it was ? Like watching Tactics walk into the street, raise a rifle to his shoulder and pull the trigger, but watching all the time knowing that the gun was empty.? (p. ) This points out to the reader that while Tactics knew he was not going to win the trial, he went through with it, and tried his hardest, giving it all that he had; moreover, proving his statement to try one? S hardest even if one knows that he/she has been defeated long before he/she begins.

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