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Social Origins of Eugenics

What are the origins and social implications of eugenisicm?
Francis Galton, cousin of Charles Darwin,first used the term'Eugenics' in his book Inquiries into Human Faculty and Development published in 1883.The word Eugenics is described as'the science of improving the population by controlled breeding for desirable inherited characteristics' and comes from the Greek for'good breeding' or'good life'. Although Galton initially studied medicine, he later chose to study mathematics and he also became a fervent advocate of social policies which encouraged supposedly superior beings to have children and discouraged'lesser' people from doing so.
Galtonfirst became interested in Eugenics after reading Darwin's The Origin of Species. In the book, successful breeding is judged by the number of offspring an organism produces. However, based on this theory, it seemed to Galton that it was the'inferior' people who had the largest amount of offspring and he thought that this seemed "to spoil and not improve our breed". Galton wrote two books- Hereditary Genius (1869) and Natural Inheritance (1889). He examined the family trees of various families of importance and recorded the occurrence of men appearing in the same'lines'. Galton never even thought about the fact that social opportunities were more readily available to the upper class- he just presumed that'genius' was passed on through genes.
Galton wasn't just merely interested in the subject though. He wholeheartedly believed that there should be a system put in place to iradicate, what was is his mind, the inferior race. He proposed that a register of suitable families should be made so that the'superior' offspring could marry and reproduce and even went as far to suggest a financial incentive should be offered to help create a worthier race.

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