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Racism has been a prominent issue for hundreds of years and will be for some time to come. There are five major ethnic groups in the United States all of which being a majority (dominant) group or a minority group; European Americans, Latinos, African Americans, Asian Americans, and Native Americans. People from all five of these ethnic groups encounter racism, prejudice, and discrimination everyday. I will explore several different patterns in which the majority and minority ethnic groups relate with one another.Whether it is job discrimination, education discrimination, real estate or mortgage, minorities will encounter prejudice and discrimination. In this paper I will examine how racism, which leads to discrimination challenges the idea that individual hard work will lead to upward social mobility.
Henslin explains the difference between the minority groups and the dominant group. In Chapter Twelve he explains how Sociologist Louis Wirth defined a minority group as "people who are singled out for unequal treatment, and who regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination".The majority or the dominant group is explained as the group with the most power, greatest privileges, and highest social status.There are six different patterns of minority and dominant group relations. They are; genocide, population transfer, internal colonialism, segregation, assimilation, and multiculturalism. Genocide, being when the dominant group tries to destroy the minority group, for example the Holocaust in Germany and Multiculturalism (also called Pluralism), being when the dominant group encourages racial and ethnic variation; when fully successful, there is no longer a dominant group; for example Switzerland. The United States has just come out of segregation in the 1960's. While our country is working hard to have assimilation there is still racism toward minorities.
While racism is prejudice and discriminatio…

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