Police Profiling Theory

In theory there is a rational differencebetween policeprofiling’
andracial discrimination’. However, in actuality this distinction isopen
to suspicion of racial and other biases towards minorities andmarginalized
communities and cultures. The profiler is often seen as a discriminatorwho
tags’ and targets certain groups or ethnic and racial groupingswithpre-
determinedideasabouttheirqualitiesandattributes. It is the
significance of thecreationofpre-determinedviewsthatcreatesthe
There is no doubt that the essential basis of allprejudiceispre-
determined thought and actions.Byhavingpre-determinedideasabouta
class or group of people one is automatically and bydefinitionprejudiced
towards that group or racial class.Thisisthebasisofthenegative
response that hasemergedinrecentyearstothepracticeofpolice
profiling. Profiling is seen in practice as another form ofdiscrimination,
marginalization and prejudice. On theotherhand,theauthoritiesclaim
that profiling is not intended to be prejudicial but is ratherapractical
and important part of police work and an attempt to reduce crime. Itisin
essence a tool that allows the police to isolate criminals inarapidand
effective way. The practiceofpoliceprofilinghasacontentiousand
criticism-filled history that persists to the present day.
Profiling,aspartofthe history of racial and minority
discrimination, has a long history in America. Many scholars point outthat
in fact profiling, as a formprejudiceanddiscrimination,startedlong
before the present debate on police profiling.
The interactive relationship between race,space,andpolicinghas
been of social and political significance since the earliestdaysof
American history. Monitoring the mov…

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