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plea bargaining

No standard definition of plea bargaining exists among practitioners. The
definition of "plea bargaining" varies depending on the jurisdiction and on the context
of its use. A general definition that serves as a useful starting point to highlight the
issue is: "the process whereby the accused and the prosecutor in a criminal case work
out a mutually satisfactory disposition of the case subject to court approval. It usually
involves the defendant's pleading guilty to a lesser offense or to only one or some of
the counts of a multi-count indictment in return for a lighter sentence than that is
possible for the graver charge". However, the true nature of plea bargaining includes
situations where judicial review is nonexistent. Additionally judges seldom reject plea
bargaining agreements involving sentencing recommendations by the prosecutor. The
variety of concessions extends to the limits of the prosecutor's or judge's imagination.
A comprehensive definition defines plea bargaining as "the def endant's agreement to
plead guilty to a criminal charge with the reasonable expectation of receiving some
consideration from the state." Observers criticized plea bargaining both as an
"incompetent, inefficient, and lazy method of administering justice" and as a
compromise of a defendant's right to a jury trial.
Plea bargaining's resiliency provides at least some benefits to all players in the
criminal justice system: district attorneys, defense attorneys, defendants, judges and,
Plea bargaining provides attorneys with quick, efficient method of handling a
Defendants benefits from plea bargaining are obvious. In exchange for
pleading guilty and avoiding trial, defendants can receive concessions from the
prosecutor or the dismissal of some of the charges in their indictment. Although they

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