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John Locke

It was a world in political turmoil, where the parliament and the kings of the dominant power, England, traded places in influencing people lives by overthrowing each other periodically. It was the 17th century. People cried out for a new and concise guideline of how to govern their nation. Among that great thinkers of the time there emerged one, John Locke, who introduced a unique and effective political theory. He based it on the most fundamental and natural right of the human being – his freedom. Locke takes the concept of freedom to a plateau never attempted before, placing it as the very core of living in a civil and just society. Locke demonstrates flawlessly how freedom is essential to proper government by describing the contract between the ruler and the ruled, the inconveniences in the state of nature that just government rectifies, and elucidating that all mankind is inherently born free and equal.
John Locke introduces an effective political theory where the people enter into a reversible contract with the government that they themselves erect, in order to protect their freedom. According to Locke, the creation of a political, or civil, society is "…where-ever any number of men, in the state of nature, enter into society to make one people, one body politic, under one supreme government…where [an individual] authorizes the society…to make laws for him, as the public good of the society shall require" (48). Men leave the state of nature, which is not a pleasant or efficient state to be in, and enter into society, into one whole, so that this society can formulate a government. This government, chosen by the people, for the people, is erected so that it can make laws needed by the society to ensure the common good. The fundamental part of the common good is freedom, because without freedom a society is not just or civil, and therefore cannot have any laws to govern it. The government erected holds a contract…

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