Gregory Fant, Ph.D., M.P.A., M.S.P.H.
Adjunct Professor, Political Science
POL 310, Comparative Political Systems
Administratively, The People's Republic of China is made up of twenty-two provinces, five autonomous regions, and four centrally administered cities, and one Special Administrative Region.
The Making of the Modern Chinese State
The PRC is one of only a few countries in the world that is still a Communist party-state.This is a political system which the ruling Communist Party holds a monopoly on political power, claims the right to lead or control all government and social institutions, and proclaims allegiance (at least officially) to the ideology of Marxism-Leninism.
The PRC can be compared with other Communist party-states with which it shares or has shared many political and ideological features.Napoleon Bonaparte, emperor of France in the early nineteenth century, is said to have remarked "Let China sleep.For when China wakes, it will shake the world."
The growth of China's economy, since Deng Xiaoping began his market-oriented reforms in the late 1970s, has been called "one of the century's greatest economic miracles," which has, in turn, led to "one of the biggest improvements in human welfare anywhere at any time." During the same period, the average income of the Chinese people quadrupled, and although there are still many very poor people in China, more than 200 million have been lifted from living in absolute poverty to a level where they have a minimally adequate supply of food, clothing and shelter.
The PRC by far the most important in terms of size and power.The underlyi

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