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India

4) While the Egyptians were building the great pyramids around 2500 BC, people in the northwestern part of India were laying bricks to build India'sfirst cities. There were many beautiful and organized cities in this region, also known as the Indus valley, but one of the biggest and popular cities was the Harappa. If I were a citizen of Harappa, I would be living in city with streets running North-South and East-West like a grid. The houses would be built with bricks of similar size (just like the Egyptian Pyramids were built) in a carefully planned city. My everyday life would be calm and simple. I would be a farmer producing rice, wheat, barley etc. I may be also trading spices with Persia and diamonds with Rome.
In this process of trade, if I wanted to send my boats to the Arabian Sea by water, I would have to travel about six hundred miles on the Indus River. As the Indus River flows towards the Arabian Sea, traveling to the sea would be a breeze. This is just one of the advantages of the location of the Harappa. For the growth of any civilization, farming is highly important. The mild temperature in this region promotes farming and cultivation of many varied crops. The city of Harappa is located near the Indus River. The annual flooding of the Indus provided rich and fertile soils from the river, which in turn improved farming. The great Himalayas and the Hindu Kush provided protection from foreign threats like the barbaric tribes in the west.
Although these mountains were virtually impenetrable, a few groups from Central Asia still managed to enter India. They called themselves Aryans. While traveling from Central Asia, the Aryans crossed the treacherous mountains of the Hindu Kush, through many rivers like the Indus and the Sutlej. Crossing these rivers, they entered the Indus-Ganges Plain. It doesn't end there, they still had to go through the Vindhya ranges to enter the heart of India. As the Aryans entered…

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