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Human cloning

Thereisanincreasingawarenessabouttheprocess of human
reproductive cloning, andthishasledtodifferencesonthesubject
between people. Thefirst actual case of cloning was thecloningofDolly
the sheep by Ian Wilmut and his associates. Earlier the conceptofcloning
had been discussed at depth in the area of science fictionliterature.The
idea itself had been widely debated through commissions andcommittees,as
thiswasviewedlargelyasanunknownintheareaofgeneticand
reproductive technology. At the time when Dolly took birth, therewere277
embryos that had been produced clonally. These finally resulted in onlyone
live birth, but even she was found to be notveryhealthy.Hercondition
gradually worsened, and finally she had to be put to death recently.
Human cloning causes harm in three ways. The greatest harmiscaused
to the person who is cloned. Secondly, it harms the unit ofthefamilyby
making children unimportant anddecreasingtherespectforhumanlife.
Third,itmakestheconceptofhumanreproductionseem cheap and
unimportant. The present method of somatic nuclear transfer cloning alsois
likely to give rise to a lot of deaths and deformities. (Cibelli, 27) This
has been seen in the case of animals, which have died very soon aftertheir
birth. Some of these have survived long enough to be implanted into awomb,
but they have also had gross deformities. Even if some survivetillbirth,
they are born sick. Very few are bornapparentlyhealthy,buttheyalso
have problems and a short life. The other method of embryo splitting isnot
equally risky, but there are risks of death and deformity.Therearealso
no advantages of the splitting to the person undergoing cloning.Eventhis
process may have some ill effects on the person being cloned,butthatis
s…

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