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Cancer of the skin is the most common of all cancers. About one million cases will be occurring in our country this year. Skin Cancer is most common in fair skinned people, and very rare in African Americans. The main way to get skin cancer is through sunburn. Those who have fair skin and red or blonde hair burn easily. The darker the skin, the better chances are of not getting sunburn that would lead to skin cancer. The sun's rays are the strongest from around 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.
Many people don't think of their skin as an organ. It protects us against heat, light, injuries, and infections. It also helps to control body temperature and stores water, fat, and Vitamin D. The skin is made up of two layers, the epidermis and the dermis. The epidermis is the outer layer of the skin and is made up of sqamous cells. The dermis is the inner layer of skin that is made up of basal cells and the deepest part of the dermis is the melanocyte cells. These produce melanin, which gives your skin its color.
What a lot of people like to do is get a tan. Well, really when the sun's rays penetrate your skin the melanin comes further up your dermis and through your epidermis, which gives your skin the tan glow. When you do lie out on the beach for a long time, your skin can go past the tan glow and give it a red glow, meaning the melanin worked too hard and released that color instead of the color of you skin's natural color. When you stay out in the sun also you may get skin cancer. There are some different types of skin cancers. There is, "basal cell carcinoma," and the warning signs are: an open sore that doesn't close and bleeds continuously, reddish irritated patch that doesn't stop itching, a smooth bump that has an elevated ring around the edge, or a shiny translucent bump that can have a pinkish tint. Another type of skin cancer is, "sqamous cell carcinoma." If it is not treated it can be dea…

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