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Diabetes

Man has long recognized diabetes mellitus, and this disorder – or a syndrome resembling it – was well known to the ancients. The original clinical description must now be lost in antiquity, but Lazarus and Volk in their excellent historical review attributed the earliest writings on this subject to the papyrus Ebers (circa 1500 B.C.). The term "diabetes" that we use today was introduced in more recent times by Aretaeus of Capdocia shortly after the birth of Christ. From this date onwards, the classical literature abounds with references to diabetes mellitus. However, the basic hormonal abnormalities remained unknown until the pioneering labors of Banting and Best resulted in the purification of insulin in 1921 (Robert M. Galbraith 1). The consequent realization that diabetes involves an absolute or relative deficiency of insulin can be considered to clarify the question of"what is the basic hormonal abnormality?". However, the questions of "how?' and "why?" remain to be resolved
Diabetes mellitus, a chronic disease of unknown etiology, is characterized by a primary disturbance in the metabolism of carbohydrate and by the impaired utilization of protein and fats. Either an insufficiency or abnormality of insulin reaction apparently mediates the basic metabolic disturbance that occurs. The sugar, which cannot be properly utilized by the body, collects in the blood and may be subsequently excreted in the urine. In addition, a functional alteration of the vascular system, including both the large and small blood vessels, inevitably occurs (U.S. News and World Report 74) .
Diabetes is usually classified as either growth onset diabetes (type 1 or juvenile) or adult diabetes (type2). Type 1 diabetes almost always appears explosively in persons under 20 years of age and is recognized because the patient becomes acutely ill. The juvenile diabetic's condition is labile, and both ac…

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Diabetes

Diabetes is a serious problem within the African American Society

Today, diabetes is one of the most severe health problems facing the United States, especially within the African American society.There are over 2.8 million African American people within the United States that are affected by this disease.Though a healthy diet and regular exercise could dramatically lower African Americans chances of getting type two diabetes, genetics is an important factor when looking at why this disease targets more African American people.Diabetes also causes more strenuous and complex complications, dealing with African American people.Diabetes is one of the major causes of death within the black community and is a major health concern throughout the United States.
Diabetes is a group of chronic metabolic diseases that is characterized by high blood glucose levels and defects within the body.Glucose levels rise within the body as a result of defects in insulin secretion, insulin action or both.Insulin is used to convert sugars, starches, and other foods into energy, instead of fatty acids.Without the insulin, cells aren't able to take the necessary amount of glucose from the blood.The cells then starve though there is plenty of glucose available in the blood, it just can't be reached.This is why high levels of blood glucose distinguish the disease.The majority of African Americans, between 90 and 95 percent, have type two diabetes.Type two diabetes usually evolves in adults and is caused when the body struggles against the action of insulin.A substantially smaller amount of African Americans along with the total population, have the more unusual type one diabetes.Only about 5 to 10 percent of the African American with diabetes has type one diabetes.Type one diabetes usually develops before the age of 20, as to where the more common, type two diabetes is developed in adulthood.
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