Cuba is the largest island in the west Indies. It is south of Florida and east of Yucatan peninsula. The island of Cuba is about 760 mi. (1225 km.), from Cabo De San Antonio to Cabo Maisi. The total area is about 44,218 mi.(114,524 sq. km).
About !/4 of Cuba is mountains and hills. The rest is mainly flat or rolling terrain. The mountains are all over Cuba. The main mountain ranges of Cuba are the Sierra De Los Organos, in the west, the Sierra de Trinidad, in the center, and the Sierra Maestra, in the southeast. The soil in Cuba's ground is mainly all fertile. One of the extraordinary things about Cuba is that it has a wide variety of limestone caverns. One by the name of Cotilla, near Havana. There are also several rivers in Cuba. Many of the rivers are small and unnavigable. The main river is the Cauto. Cuba has a number of big, nice harbors. Most of them are almost all the way landlocked.
The main climate of Cuba is semitropical, and the mean climate being 77 degrees F(25 degrees C). The annual rainfall averages about 1320 mm (52 in). Most all of the rain fall in the wet season, from may to October. The island of Cuba is in a region ofoccasional violent tropical hurricanes in August, September and October.
The land and climate of Cuba are in good favor of the agriculture. Cuba also has significant mineral reserves. The main minerals are: nickel, chrome, copper, iron, and manganese. There are a lot of others that are not as important like: sulfur, cobalt, pyrites, gypsum, asbestos, petroleum, salt, sand, clay and limestone.
Cuba has a wide variety of tropical vegetation. The eastern portion of the island is heavily forested. Cuba has over 30 types of palm trees.
The island has several types of bats and also 300 different types of birds. There are also a few types of reptiles, including the tortoise, Cayman

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