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Criminology

"For the past 8 years from 1999 there has been a 5% decrease in the rate
of crime among Canada's three largest provinces and 9 largest metropolitan
areas."This was quoted by Statistics Canada on July 18, 2000, in a
publication of The Daily.Crime can be defined as "…any act or omission
regarded by a sizable segment of a given society as warranting formal
intervention to control, punish and prevent behaviours."1 However the
diminishing crime rate may not hold to be a true depiction of a national trend
in all provinces.The decreasing crime rate in relation to Canadian society as a
whole may not hold to be accurate for three main explanations;Statistics
Canada's method of official data collection to reveal the crime rate does not
present a flawless process, there is an evident lack of uniformity amoung
different geographical segments, within Canada, in police reportingand
policies, and Canadian citizens views in relation to reporting and the crime
funnel, examined with unofficial data, prove to be a factor that consequently
influences crime statistics.Canadian society can be defined in relation to this
paper as; all Canadian citizens habituated within Canada holding everything
Statistics Canada utilizes data measured in a structure known as official
data, to yield information that explains criminal activity and crime trends.
Official data is data collected through the uniform crime reporting systems
(U.C.R).U.C.R was established in 1962.U.C.R represents data that is;
"actual offences, those reported or detected offences that have been found ,
upon preliminary investigation to have actually occurred, as opposed to being
unfounded."2Therefore, official data is a measure of information collected
and accounted for on those crimes that have come to the attention of the
police.An example of a crime rate for homicide using official dat…

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