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Criminology

In Marcus Felson's book Crime and Everyday Life, Felson discusses
temptations without controls, the chemistry for crime, delivering crime to your
doorstep, and out-of-sync youth in chapters 2-5.In this paper I am going to
summarize and critique each chapter.
Felson titled chapter 2 Temptations Without Controls.Throughout the
chapter Felson shows how crime thrives on temptations without controls.He
shows how these words refer to the immediate environment as it provides the
roots for crime.He goes on to say that even crime's deeper roots from the past
must accomplish the physical delivery of temptations without controls.In order
to find out which of these two forces has the upper hand in any given setting or
in society as a whole, Felson says that we need to study particular crime types
and the settings that generate them, including workplaces, schools, recreation
areas, residential streets, and transport systems.
There were some things that stuck out of chapter 2.Travis Hirschi's
presentation of crime as not asking, "Why did such a terrible person do that
awful thing?', but instead, "Why doesn't everybody engage in crime?".Hirschi
argues that crime needs no special motivation, that it results from an absence of
controls to prevent it.Another answer was also given to the question, it states
that everyday life delivers temptations unevenly, and that crime is committed
mainly by people who are tempted more and controlled less.Hirschi's
comments interest me very much.If I were studying crime, thefirst question that
I would want answered would be how can someone do such an awful thing and
why would they want to do it.However, looking at crime under Hirschi's
perspective makes sense and is a very interesting concept, but to me his
question is a little different from my perspective.
Felson looks at some different pres…

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criminology

person would be considered to be acting deviantly in society if they are violating what the
significant social norm in that particular culture is. What causes humans to act certain ways is a
disputed topic among researchers for some time now. There are three types of researchers that have
tried to answer this question. There is the psychological answer, biological answer, and the
sociological answer. With all of the studies that have been performed, no one group has come up
with an exact reason to why people behave deviantly. Although, sociologists' theories have not
been disproved as often as the psychologists' and biologists' theories because their experiments
are too hard to define and no one definition for deviance is agreed upon by all experimenters
(Pfuhl, 40). My own curiosity to find out what the influences are behind deviant behavior is the
purpose for this paper. We have already discussed this topic during class in part two, chapter four
of the textbook which explains deviance and crime. This section talks more about deviance being a
learned behavior. I wanted to find out more information to see if biological factors are also behind
this kind of behavior. The most knowledge acquired for why people act deviantly is from the
sociological perspective. There is need for more research, if possible, in the psychological and
biological perspectives, but there is a lot more known in the sociological viewpoint. The reality that
the definition of deviant behavior is considered different by everyone makes it complicated and…

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