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Criminal Justice

Back in 1682, the Quakers had a law that they called the "Great law" which pretty much was the only way you would be killed was for premeditated murder.Then when they decided that the law wasn't good enough and needed some revising, the Anglican Code replaced the old law in 1718.This law said that death was more common, and there was also corporal punishment and fines.Then in the same year, they had a reform movement.This emphasized the reformation of criminals. The movement was influenced by Enlightenment and Quaker ideals, and consistent with human perfectibility.The Quakers decided to advocate imprisonment with labor instead of using corpora punishment.Several states created these prisons which modeled on English workhouses.The birth of penitentiaries started with the Walnut Street Jail, which Benjamin rush lobbied for facilities where prisoners could do reparation.Then in 1790, added a small wing called a penitentiary. Then the reality was different from the ideal and, as a result, prisoners pushed and wanted more of these penitentiaries.Then, a short time later, the Pennsylvania System came into effect. The whole idea of the system was to give the prisoners separate confinement.New York also followed the system for separate cells; rule of silence came into play, and had group labor which produced goods for manufacturers.This whole idea was intended to help created better work habits for the prisoners.There was another reform movement in 1870.Here the Nation Prison Association Congress adopted the Declaration of Principles.The purpose was imposition of silence, lockstep, and harsh treatment were to be condemned.The prisoners should be classified, they should reward could conduct by letting them out early, no set length on the sentences, and give industrial and social training.Then the NPA Congress called for an end to the penitentiary and they wanted then replaced by reformatories.In…

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