Communist Ideology and the Communist Party of China

Chinese Nationalism refers to cultural, historiographical, and political theories, movements and beliefs that assert the idea of a cohesive, unified Chinese people and culture under state(s) that are primarily Chinese. One difficulty in this definition is the wide variation and ambiguities in the definition of the term Chinese.In 1926, following the death of Sun Yat-sen, the new Kuomintang leader General Chiang Kai-shek launched the Northern Expedition and civil war against the official government to purge the Communists who had been allied with the Kuomintang (KMT). The full-scale civil war lasted until 1949. By the end of 1949, the Communists controlled the mainland. The KMT fled to Taiwan. In 1950 Chiang took office in Taipei under emergency rules which halted democratic processes until the mainland could be recovered.
Chinese Nationalistic ideologies all regard Sun Yat-Sen in high esteem and tend to claim to be the legacy of his famous three peoples principles, nationalism, democracy, socialism.In addition, Chinese nationalistic ideologies regard both democracy and science as positive forces, unlike Communism.They do have radically different notions of what democracy means though.Opponents of Chinese nationalism attack it on various grounds. Some have asserted that Chinese nationalism is inherently backward and dictatorial and incompatible with a modern state. Others have asserted that Chinese nationalism is fundamentally an imperialist and racist ideology which in practice has led to oppression of minority groups such as Tibetans and Uighurs.
Communist ideology and The Communist Party of China (CPC) are more frequently related to the historical accounts of Mao Zedong and the revolution that took place in mainland China. The CPC is the ruling party of the People’s Republic of China. The party was founded in 1921 and fought the Nationalist KMT during the Chinese Civil War.With more than 63 million members today, the …

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