Communism in china

To say that the Chinese Communist revolution is a non-Western
revolution is more than a clich‚. That revolution has been primarily
directed, not like the French Revolution but against alien Western
influences that approached the level of domination and drastically
altered China’s traditional relationship with the world. Hence the
Chinese Communist attitude toward China’s traditional past is
selectively critical, but by no means totally hostile. The Chinese
Communist revolution, and the foreign policy of the regime to which it
has given rise, have several roots, each of which is embedded in the
past more deeply than one would tend to expect of a movement seemingly
The Chinese superiority complex institutionalized in their
tributary system was justified by any standards less advanced or
efficient than those of the modern West. China developed an elaborate
and effective political system resting on a remarkable cultural
unity, the latter in turn being due mainly to the general acceptance
of a common, although difficult, written language and a common set of
ethical and social values, known as Confucianism. Traditional china
had neither the knowledge nor the power that would have been necessary
to cope with the superior science, technology, economic organization,
and military force that expanding West brought to bear on it. The
general sense of national weakness and humiliation was rendered still
keener by a unique phenomenon, the modernization of Japan and its rise
to great power status. Japan’s success threw China’s failure into
The Japanese performance contributed to the discrediting and
collapse of China’s imperial system, but it did little to make things
easier for the subsequent successor. The Republic was never able to
achieve territorial and national unity in the face of bad
communications and the widespread diffusion of modern ar…

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