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CLONING

Cloning is the process of replication of organism in order to reproduce
favorable or remove undesirable traits from the product (clone). In last
half century, there has been rapid advancement in scientific technology,
which has resulted in discoveries such as of DNA structure, the stem cell,
and with production of cloned sheep Dolly, curiosity and ethical issues
have elevated concerning human cloning.
There are several benefits and dangers of cloning of human genes. With
advances in discovery of stem cell, the process of transplantation would be
With the storage of stem cells the waiting time to find an organ for
transplant and chances of rejection by patient would be decreased.
Secondly, because the stem cells can mutilate0 on they’re own, diseased or
faulty tissues in rare diseases can be replaced e.g. the implantation of
fetal stem cells in patients suffering from Parkinson’s disease. Thirdly
stem cells can help in the drug development.Instead of testing drugs in
initial stages of development on human, they will experimented with cells
until proven safe for human. Fourthly it can allow fertilization for
However, there are many adverse physical and psychological effects, as well
as ethical issues relating to human cloning or therapeutic cloning. By
altering physical traits, the danger of creating a super human or subhuman
clones is possible .As the clones will be produced from adult somatic
cells, there is possibility any defect or mutation already present in cell
will manifest itself in the clone. Further, lack of knowledge of effects of
any alteration in an individual on future generation adds to threats or
The couples that will opt for cloning will be affected psychologically.
First, because the child will be replica of one parent second, the child
being identical to one of parent will have problems of identity and self-

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