Children’s Speech Development

Characteristics of children;s speech
* Research has shown that human speech develops in a similar pattern regardless of the language the child hears around it.
*Characteristics of children;s speech develop in the same order, although the age at which they develop varies from child to child.
This pattern of development is categorized into four general areas;
Pre-linguistic stage- babbling (from birth)
From birth an infant produces sounds which gradually become more varied. This stage is sub catogorised further;
*Crying (from birth) – This is recognized as;instinctive communication; because there is no real intention to communicate. However cries soon become differentiated and parents can often tell a cry of huger form one of boredom.
*Cooing (from six weeks) – This is often produced by a satisfied baby and helps to strengthen vocal apparatus. This cooing sound begins to be broken up into consonants.
*Babbling (from six months) – the pattern of consonants and vowels become linked together:;la la la;;mamama; etc. Babbling appears to be intuitive because it occurs about the same age in all infants.
*Studies show that babies are more likely to babble when an adult responds with sounds.
One word utterances- the holophrase stage (from one year)
*Amongst the babbling, babies begin to use one syllable words.
*A word in this stage is classified as any sound used to seek an active response.
*First recognizable words are usually those derived form babbling:;baby; or;daddy;.
* More than half of the early words are nouns (names of objects and people) and these are often used for a number of meanings. For example;ga; may be used for anything a child wants, however combined with an appropriate gesture, such as a point towards a cookie jar; clearly means ;give me a cookie;.
*Such a gesture is known as a;ho

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