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Child Development

Infants grow at a very rapid rate during thefirst one and a half years of life.Developing not only physically, but mentally, emotionally, and socially as well, this development has been evident in providing a strong background for further development in life.
Physical development refers to a baby’s increasing skill at utilizing various body parts. During development, there are three basic developmental rules:
“Rule one states, that baby’s develop in the head regionfirst, followed by the upper body, followed by the trunk portion, and lastly the legs and feet.For example, a baby can hold up their headsfirst before they can grab an object with their hand.
Second rule refers to motor skills. Motor skills are the child’s ability to control movement.The two basic classifications in motor skills are large motor skills and fine motor skills.Large motor skills deal with all the large muscles, whereas fine motor skills deal with smaller muscles in the body.
The 3rd developmental rule is Brain development.As the brain develops a child responds more and more to sight and sound, which prepares them for further development (www.babycenter.com).”
At birth an infant’s vision is limited by the immaturity of the brain, beyond 7-12 inches an infant’s world is a total blur.Infant’s eyes unlike ours do not contain a fovea.A fovea is the area of the retina in which the images are focused.Their eye movements are very slow and are jerky at times. They are able to see color but prefer the sharper contrast of black and white.Although babies can’t see small objects that are far away, infants can see large objects that are close up.“An adult’s perfect vision is estimated to be 20/20 and infant’s vision is estimated to be around 20/600” (psychology, pg 387). By the end of thefirst year a baby’s vision nearly matches that of a grown adult (psyc…

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