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Cg Intro

Introduction
There have been many experiments done on depth of processing and the self reference effect.The Depth of Processing model of memory maintains that how deep something is encoded into a person’s memory depends on using certain types of processing.This relates to the self reference effect because it is believed that people have the tendency to remember something better when they can relate it to themselves.People who can personally relate to something have the tendency to embed it deeper into their memory.
Craik and Tulving did a series of experiments on the depth of processing model.They had participants use a series of processing methods to encode words at different levels; shallow, moderate, and deep.The subjects were shown a series of words and ask questions about the words that would provide a “yes” or “no” response.At the shallow level they were asked questions about whether or not the word was written in capital letters.At the moderate level of processing, the subject was asked questions as to whether or not two words rhymed.Finally, the subjects were asked about words in sentences and whether or not they fit.This was the deep level of processing.After participants had completed the task they were then given a surprise recognition test with the words that they were just asked questions on (target words) and then words that they have never seen before (distraction words).The results of the experiment showed that people remembered the words better that were at deeper level of processing (Craik and Tulving 1975).
Although there was some criticisms about the above experiment, Craik and Tulving performed more experiments each time refining the D.O.P. model.There were thoughts that the structural tasks were easier and not as much time had to be spent on them therefore people did not have as long to look at those words and could not study them like the other tasks.Craik and Tulving then made th…

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