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Athena, Greek Goddess

Out came, not the son he feared, but a beautiful full-grown daughter, dressed in golden battle armor, who instantly became the “apple of her father’s eye”. A motherless child, the goddess Athena quickly became his favorite. Athena was the only one of his children that Zeus ever entrusted with his magic shield and the secret of where his lightening bolts were stored. The goddess Athena remained his constant ally and fierce protector, promoting his interests, serving as his advisor.

The Greek goddess Athena championed many heroes, offering them her device and protection, helping them to win their battles. In one of her most famous adventures Athena would assume the shape of various men, women, and children to guide the wandering Odysseus, Her protection allowed the suffering hero to finally return safely to his home and family. Nikkei, the goddess who personified Winged Victory, often accompanied the goddess Athena. Not surprising, since “Athena, Goddess of War” never lost a battle. Logical by nature, the goddess Athena rarely lost her cool.

One exception where she became “hot-headed” and again sided with the male power structure, is old in the Story Of Earache, a young mortal woman Who challenged Athena to a contest to see who was the best weaver. The goddess Athena was not at all upset about being challenged by a mortal and fairly judged Earache’s creation to be as flawless as her own. But the subject matter of Earache’s tapestry offended her greatly for Earache had depicted the amorous and adulterous adventures of Zeus, Ethane’s father. Livid that Earache would dare to mock authority in such a way, Athena slashed the tapestry to shreds and drove Earache to hang herself.

When she had quieted her emotions, Athena took pity n the poor woman and let her live on by transforming her into a spider, weaving her beautiful webs for eternity. A goddess of many talents, “Athena Goddess of Crafts” was an expert artisan herself. The goddess Athena was celebrated as the patron of weavers, potters, goldsmiths, sculptors, musicians, and horsemanship was credited with the invention tooth yoke and the bridle, the sailing ship, and the flute and trumpet. The name of the Greek goddess Athena remains with us to this day since Athens, Greece, was named in her honor, in appreciation of her gift to them, the olive tree.

The goddess Athena is recognized as the protector of cities. More than any other of the Greek goddesses , Athena remains a symbol of civilization, useful knowledge, noble reasoning, logic and Wisdom. The goddess Athena reminds us that we can successfully use our intellect and creativity in the pursuit of any goal we choose. AT HEN (or Athena) was the great Olympian goddess of Wise counsel, war, the defense of towns, heroic endeavor, weaving, pottery and other crafts. She was depicted crowned With a crested helm, armed With shield and spear. ND wearing the snake-trimmed aegis cloak wrapped around her breast ND arm, adorned with the monstrous head of the Gorgon. A third tradition carries us to Libya, and calls Athena a daughter of Poseidon and Triton’s. Athena, says Herodotus (iv. 180), on one occasion became angry with her father and went to Zeus, who made her his own daughter. This passage shows more clearly than any other the manner in which genuine and ancient Hellenic myths were transplanted to Libya, where they were afterwards regarded as the sources to Hellenic ones.

Respecting this Libyan Athena, it is farther related, that she was educated by the river-god Triton, together with his own daughter Appeal, Apollo. Iii. 12. S 3. ) In Libya she was also said to have invented the flute: for when Peruses had cut off the head of Medusa, and Steno and Aureole, the sisters of Medusa, lamented her death, while plaintive sounds issued from the mouths of the serpents which surrounded their heads, Athena is said to have imitated these sounds on a reed. Bind. Path. Xii. 19, &c. ; compare the other accounts in Hiking. Gab 165; Apollo_ i. 4. 52 ; Pads. i. 24. S 1_) The connection of Athena with Triton and Triton’s caused afterwards the various traditions about her birth- lace, so that Wherever there was a river or a well of that name, as in Crete, Thessaly, Biota, Arcadia, and Egypt, the inhabitants of those districts asserted that Athena was born there.

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