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Anthrax

The anthrax vaccination is the only known defense available for United States Troops against the
deadly anthrax virus. Many experts have said it is not effective against inhalation anthrax. Studies have
not been conclusive in their findings. The chance of living if you have received the anthrax vaccination
seems better. More studies should be conducted outside the Department of Defense, with their
cooperation, before the process to vaccinate troops continues.
Anthrax is a disease normally associated with plant eating animals (sheep, goats, and cattle) caused by
the bacterium Bacillius anthracis. It is now controlled through vaccination programs throughout the
world including the United States. Human infection with anthrax usually results from contact with
infected animals or products. Anthrax was discovered by Robert Koch in 1876. An effective vaccine for
animals was developed in 1881 by Louis Pasteur. In humans, the disease appears in both external and
internal forms. The external form is contracted through cuts and breaks in the skin. The internal form is
caught by inhaling anthrax spores, which invade the lungs and intestinal tract (Funk and Wagnalls New
Russian scientists have created a new form of the anthrax virus by genetic engineering. Col. Arthur
Friedlander , chief of the bacteriology division at the U.S. ArmyMedical Research Institute states, "The
evidence that they presented suggested that it could be resistant to our vaccine" (Riechman, Army Times
03-09-98). When anthrax is used as a biological weapon, people become infected by breathing the
spores released in the air. Anthrax is 100,000 times deadlier than the deadliest chemical warfare agent. It
is the preferred biological agent because it is easy to produce in bulk and the materials are low in cost.
(B.D.Hawkins,Army Times) Dr. Jose Ramero Cruz, of the World Health Organization states,"Because
anthrax spor…

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