All ideologies are broad churches Discuss with reference

An ideology can be seen as a rational and complex "science" of ideas which offers some form of political and cultural schemata for certain social orders, in an attempt to explain how society should work – ultimately aiming for the implementation of a form of utopia. Political ideologies are largely concerned with both the allocation and systematic usage of power, and are thus subject to public scrutiny and evolve with changes in modern day society and culture. Different interpretations of these evolutions often lead to the formation of different ideological structures, and similarly, single ideologies which may be seen as a whole are actually comprised of many different substrands which have developed from their counterparts. As a result, it can be said that no ideology is finite,and that ideologies are always going through periodical and progressive changes in correlation with society's. The phrase'broad churches' refers to this idea, that within a body of political or philosophical thought, there are a variety of co-existing (and competing) ways of thinking. One example of this is liberalism.
Liberalism is viewed as the dominant modern political ideology, embodying a'common sense' approach to it's analysis (Hall1986). It identifies the individual, aiming to maximise freedoms, and social equality. However, despite similar labels, liberal parties across different nations differ tremendously.
Developed in the 17th century, its initial standing was to challenge the dominance of the monarchy and to establish a stable society in which individuals could exercise their own rights. Among the main developments were Locke's "social contract theory", identifying the notion of consent and authority and its role in legitimising governmental actions.
As society evolved into the industrial revolution in the 18th century, liberalism adopted an economic focus and the notion o…

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