The people against abortion say "its the same as murder. A fetus has the same moral rights as a woman. Why? Because, as soon as a fetus is conceived, it is a live human person. Therefore, abortion is the same as murder". Of course, as soon as an egg is fertilized, there is life: the fetus can become a person after many stages. But is an embryo or a fetus the same as a person? Does a fetus have the same rights as a seven-year-old child, Or does a fetus have the same rights as a seventeen-year-old woman who finds that she is pregnant, but who does not want to be pregnant?Either you believe that a fetus has the same rights as a person, or you believe that it does not.
Although human life does begin at the moment of conception, it is at some later stage
in the unborn human’s development that it becomes worthy of our protection. It is at
this moment that it becomes a person.
There are many reasons that the woman carrying the fetus may not want it to grow
and develop into a child, as she might have no income to provide clothes, food and
shelter for the child. It also might be that she is young, and wants to peruse a career,
but does not have the time to take care of the child or that the women is not ready to give birth to a child.
Or in some very rare cases, rape. It is argued that in these tragic cases the great value of the mental health of a woman who becomes pregnant as a result of rape can best be safe-guarded by abortion. It is also said that a pregnancy caused by rapeis the result of a grave injustice and that the victim should not be obliged to carry the fetus to viability. This would keep reminding her for the rest of her life, of the violence committed against her and would just increase her mental anguish. It is reasoned that the value of the woman’s mental health is greater than the value of the fetus.
Despite its forceful appeal, there are several problems with this argument. First, it is not …

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