There are two types of abortion: spontaneous and induced. Spontaneous abortion or miscarriage is when a foetus dies naturally inside the mother. Induced abortion is when the foetus is deliberately killed by taking it from the mother's womb. This essay is about induced abortion.
Abortion is a subject that many people have strong views on. Anti-abortionists believe a person is alive from the moment a human egg is fertilised and any attempt to end that life – before or after birth – is murder. One anti-abortionist wrote, "There is no difference in killing a four-year-old child and aborting a pre-born child." One protester at an abortion clinic said "I don't believe in killing abortion doctors but I believe in heaven and hell…. I feel they will go straight to hell."
It is hard to see the other side of things. Many women's groups believe that abortion brings equality between sexes. One woman wrote a book saying " We support the rights of the individual woman to choose, to choose pregnancy or abortion."
There is halfway point between the other two views. Some people believe abortion should be available but only for specific medical and social reasons: women who have been raped, women who know that the foetus is handicapped, and women who could suffer in childbirth causing possible death.
In the UK, the 1967 Abortion Act was introduced to mainly to stop illegal and dangerous abortions. By making abortion legal, politicians hoped fewer women would die or suffer as a consequence of badly performed abortions. Today, abortion is illegal in very few countries-even those with religious beliefs and traditions. During the 1960s and 1970s many governments relaxed their abortion laws and made it easier for women to terminate unwanted pregnancies. In a few countries such as the Soviet Union abortion is seen as an alternative to contracept…

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